2021, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A
Management of insect pests and diseases of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus l.) in agroforestry system: a review
Author(s): Ahasan Ullah Khan, Md. Abdur Razzak Choudhury, Md. Abdul Maleque, Chandra Kanta Dash, Mohammad Samiul Ahsan Talucder, Abu Rashed Md. Maukeeb, Israt Jahan Ema and Muhammad Adnan
Abstract: The main aim of this review is to document the insect pests and diseases of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus L.) and their management in Bangladesh compared to other jackfruit growing countries. This article was based on mostly literature review. A. heterophyllus being the national fruit of Bangladesh, is widely consumed by most of the rural people. All parts of the fruit and tree are used as human food, animal feed and wood source for furniture. Jackfruit contains anti-bacterial, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-helminthic properties. The fruit is rich in carbohydrates, minerals, carboxylic acids, dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals. The seed is rich in manganese, magnesium, potassium, calcium iron and lectins and thus meets up nutritional requirements for the rural people. Despite the importance, a number of insect pests and diseases attack jackfruit plant and fruit. Shoot and fruit borer (Diaphania caesalis Walker) and trunk borer (Batocera rufomaculata De Geer) have been reported as major insect pests, while stem and fruit rot (Rhizopus artocarpi), bacterial dieback, pink disease (Pelliculana salmonicolor), leafspot (Phomopsis artocarpina), fruit bronzing (Pantoea stewartia Smith) and Gummosis (Phomopsis artocarpi) have been reported as major diseases. The pruning and training are an effective management technique for the insect pests and diseases. This technique provides well ventilation and reduces relative humidity at tree canopy level. Bordeaux paste is a common fungicide for the management of jackfruit borer pest and rhizopus rot, leaf spot, dieback and gummosis diseases. This paper has heighted the multifarious benefits of jackfruit plant and described the problems and solutions of jackfruit cultivation in agroforestry system of Bangladesh.
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How to cite this article:
Ahasan Ullah Khan, Md. Abdur Razzak Choudhury, Md. Abdul Maleque, Chandra Kanta Dash, Mohammad Samiul Ahsan Talucder, Abu Rashed Md. Maukeeb, Israt Jahan Ema, Muhammad Adnan. Management of insect pests and diseases of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus l.) in agroforestry system: a review. Acta Entomol Zool 2021;2(1):37-46. DOI: 10.33545/27080013.2021.v2.i1a.29