2021, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A
Nutritional comparison of the pallid emperor moth, Cirina forda and the Atlantic mackerel, Scombrus scomber
Author(s): Olatayo B Oriolowo, DanAsabe S Abubakar, Rachael D Bidda and Masa’udu S
Abstract: Lack of adequate animal proteins in human diets and its malnutrition consequences has led to advocacy for entomophagy. However, many edible insects are yet to be proven comparable to meat or fish. This study compared the nutritional quality of Pallid Emperor moth, Cirina forda and Atlantic mackerel, Scomber scombrus. Proximate and anti-nutrients quantities of the samples were determined using standard AOAC methods, mineral elements were measured using flame photometry and Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy, while amino acid were determined by HPLC method. The data obtained were analyzed using t-test at P<0.05. The results showed that there was no significant difference in the quantity of crude protein (43.07% and 43.65%) of the two samples. The mineral elements in both samples were adequate for human consumption, though most of them showed significantly higher quantity in S. scombrus. However, C. forda had significantly higher total amino acids, essential to non-essential amino acid ratio, Predicted Protein Efficiency Ratio (P-PER), Amino Acid Score and Protein Digestibility Corrected Amino Acid Scores (PDCAAS). Moreover, about 77.8% of essential amino acids in C. forda satisfied the Recommended Daily Allowance for humans. The study showed that the nutritional quality of C. forda compared well with that of S. scombrus and therefore recommended for human consumption.
Pages: 24-31 | Views: 1230 | Downloads: 618
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How to cite this article:
Olatayo B Oriolowo, DanAsabe S Abubakar, Rachael D Bidda, Masa’udu S. Nutritional comparison of the pallid emperor moth, Cirina forda and the Atlantic mackerel, Scombrus scomber. Acta Entomol Zool 2021;2(1):24-31. DOI: 10.33545/27080013.2021.v2.i1a.26