2021, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A
Entomofauna of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in Menoua division, Western Cameroon
Author(s): Victor Joly DZOKOU, Nicaise LONTCHI FOFE, Aoudou YAOUBA, Lucien Dieudonné BITOM OYONO and Joseph Lebel TAMESSE
Abstract: Pepper production in Cameroon faces many constraints, including arthropods, which occupy one of the most important places. This study was conducted with the aim of gathering information on the entomofauna of peppers for better decision-making on control methods. To achieve this, an inventory of arthropods in 4 localities in the Menoua pepper production basins was carried out on the "Simbad, "Tibesti" and "Ylusse" varieties. Insects captured weekly using an entomological net and a mouth aspirator were identified in the Agricultural Zoology Laboratory at the University of Dschang. The results showed that insects associated to peppers varied in number and diversity from one locality to another. A total of 4003 Insecta and Arachnida were captured. The Insecta class has 9 orders (Coleoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Thysanoptera, Lepidoptera, Odonata, and Orthoptera) of 85 families. The Order of the Hemiptera is the most representative in terms of individuals (1627) and that of the Diptera the most representative in number of families (27). Pearson's X-squared test shows a significant dependence between different orders of arthropods and the 3 varieties of peppers. The "Simbad" variety proved to be the most sensitive with 48.31%. Although most of these insects are pepper pests, there have been some pollinators, predators and parasitoids. The data collected provide a preliminary basis for any biological or integrated pest management against Capsicum annuum pests in Menoua-Cameroon.
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How to cite this article:
Victor Joly DZOKOU, Nicaise LONTCHI FOFE, Aoudou YAOUBA, Lucien Dieudonné BITOM OYONO, Joseph Lebel TAMESSE. Entomofauna of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in Menoua division, Western Cameroon. Acta Entomol Zool 2021;2(1):05-11. DOI: 10.33545/27080013.2021.v2.i1a.23